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Eid ul-Fitr

Length - 05:08
Published - Dec 2010
Keystage(s) - 3 and 4

Eid ul-Fitr

Eid ul-Fitr is the Muslim festival following Ramadan. In this film, Danya discusses with her family and friends, how they celebrate and what it means to them.

TrueTube films are designed for use in a number of ways. Some ideas of where this film could link to your curriculum are below:



Component 1: The study of religions: beliefs, teachings and practices- Islam - Practices, Duties and Festivals. Festivals and commemorations and their importance for Muslims in Great Britain today, including the origins and meanings of Id-ul-Adha, Id-ul-Fitr, Ashura.

Zakah: the role and significance of giving alms including origins, how and why it is given, benefits of receipt, Khums in Shi’a Islam.

Sawm: the role and significance of fasting during the month of Ramadan including origins, duties, benefits of fasting, the exceptions and their reasons, and the Night of Power, Qur’an 96:1-5.



Area of Study 1 -Section 3 - Living the Muslim Life - Islam - The nature, origins, activities, meaning and significance of the celebration/ commemoration of Id-ul-Adha, with reference to Surah 37: 77–111, and Id-ul-Fitr in Sunni Islam, with reference to their place within Shi’a Islam; and Id-ul-Ghadeer, with reference to Hadith and the interpretation of Surah 5: 3, and Ashura in Shi’a Islam, with reference to their place within Sunni Islam.
Section 3: Living the Muslim Life -Islam - Sawm as one of the Five Pillars: the nature, role, significance and purpose of fasting during Ramadan, including Surah 2: 183–185; those who are excused from fasting and why; the significance of the Night of Power: the nature, history and purpose of the Night of Power; why Laylat al-Qadr is important for Muslims today."



Component Group 1–Practices - Islam - Public acts of worship - Salah as direct communication with Allah. The importance of practices - Islam as a way of life, lived in total submission to Allah • The importance of the Five Pillars of Islam to Sunni Muslims • The meaning of the Five Pillars: •• Shahadah: sincerely reciting the Muslim profession of faith •• Salat: performing ritual prayers in the proper way five times each day •• Zakat/Zakah: paying an alms (or charity) tax to benefit the poor and the needy •• Sawm: fasting during the month of Ramadan •• Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca • The analogy of the house and pillars Festivals/special days • The origin and meaning of: •• Eid-ul-Adha: the festival of sacrifice at the end of Hajj. Origins in Ibrahim ’s sacrifice of an animal instead of his son, Isma’il •• Eid-ul-Fitr: celebrated at the end of Ramadan. A public holiday in Muslim countries where gifts and cards are exchanged, and new clothes are brought for children.



2.1 Unit 1 PART A - Part A Islam - Core beliefs, teachings and practices - Practices - The Five Pillars of Sunni Islam -Prayer/ Salat  Adhan call to prayer, praying at mosque and Friday Jummah prayer (Qur'an 15:9899, 29:45)  Praying at home, private prayer (Du'ah)  The preparations and intention for prayer: wudu and niyyah  The significance and symbolism of the different prayer positions that make a rakat (sequence of prayer) Obligatory Acts  Shahadah: the Muslim profession of faith in Allah and the prophet Muhammad; occasions when the Shahadah is recited, e.g. aqiqah ceremony, conversion to Islam  Zakat: paying an alms (or charity) tax to benefit others, what zakat tax may be used for, and additional charity (saddaqah)  Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan. How and why Muslims fast during Ramadan and rules about halal and haram diet (Qur'an 2:183).



Component 3 (Route A): Study of a World Faith: Option 3: Islam: Practices: The Five Pillars of Sunni Islam: practices in Britain and elsewhere: Sawm: How Sunni Muslims fast during Ramadan: Qur'an 2:184. Issues relating to Muslims fasting in Britain. Festivals and commemorations: practices in Britain and elsewhere:Id-ul-Fitr: The festival of fast-breaking following Ramadan. How Muslims celebrate Id-ul-Fitr in Britain and worldwide

Eid Ul-Fitr

Hello. Hello!

Eid Mubarak! Eid Mubarak! Come and meet the family?

Muslims all over the world celebrate Eid al-Fitr.

When a new crescent moon is sighted at the end of Ramadan.

This day, which is called Eid al-Fitr. Basically, it's celebrating the end of the previous month, which was Ramadan. And that is the month where Muslims, um, fast every day for about 12 hours.

Fasting is when Muslims don't eat or drink during daylight hours, but people get together to break their fast at sunset.

Even though the month obviously is such a so beautiful because you're closer to God, you have a stronger faith. And people just, you know, pray and read Qur'an. So now they're celebrating the end of that month.

Hello, my name is Danielle. I'm 24 years of age. We're on our way to the mosque because today is Eid, yay!

We usually wake up in the morning. We go to the Eid prayer. When you're going to the mosque, we invite people in the car and then we go together. When we're going, we say, (speaks in Urdu) There's no God except Allah. And prophet Muhammad is his messenger. And then God is greatest. God is greatest.

When you get to the mosque, how do you feel?

I feel so happy actually, because I'm praying to God. And then you pray with a group of people, which is so much better and it's fun.

Hello. We just prayed the Eid prayers, and, um some people might be on their way home. Some people might be on their way to visit friends and family. But now it's the whole day of celebration and food. See you later.

Eid means to me, uh, a time to spend with family. It's a celebration after, uh, the finishing of the fasts. And, uh, it's a time to enjoy and be with family.

Well, they, it's the day that you spread the love. It's, um, it's a day that we all cherish.

After a long month of fasting and, you know, all the worship you've been doing and when you're trying your hardest for your fast, it's just like a nice break. For me personally, it's like I get to, um, see lots of cousins and family I don't see usually, and go out to eat and things like that. And, you know, dress up nice and stuff like that in the evenings as well. See your friends. It's just a nice day for everyone to get together.

We might play some football, and then, uh and then we might go, and then we're gonna go home and, uh, have our eating.

To mark this joyous occasion and to spread the Eid cheer. Children are given money gifts by their parents and relatives. This is known as an Eidi or Eidiya.

This is your Eidiya, your Eid present, there you go, you're welcome.

Eid, for me is an occasion where you're not just celebrating the holy month of Ramadan coming to an end, but it's about people coming together and celebrating that Islam is a religion of peace and purity.

Don't hate people. People can, people learn to appreciate each other.

Same time, also have to remember the less fortunate people as well. You know who are, sort of, less fortunate than us in this day and every day as well.

On Eid, um, we give money to poor people and homeless people, because whatever you give, you get good deeds from Allah. And he thinks a good, a good, thing of you.

All Muslims are expected to give a small percentage of their income to charity. This is called Zakat and is one of the five obligatory duties of Islam, and any extra donations they want to give is called Sadaqah.

When I give money to people, homeless people, especially homeless people, I feel so proud of myself because I've done a very good thing, that God likes and loves.

It's an opportunity for people to recognise that there's a lot of love out there, that is focussed around understanding different people's cultures, but at the same time also maintaining the idea that humanity should know one another and everyone is welcome to celebrate Eid.

To celebrate, we're gonna go to a restaurant during daylight, because we can. We're gonna eat.

Enjoy your food.

We will.