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Muslim Prayer

Length - 02:36
Published - Mar 2011
Keystage(s) - 2, 3, 4 and 5

Muslim Prayer

How do Muslims pray? A young Muslim woman explains how she prepares for worship and demonstrates the movements she performs during prayer.

TrueTube films are designed for use in a number of ways. Some ideas of where this film could link to your curriculum are below:



Component 1: The study of religions: beliefs, teachings and practices- Islam -Practices and Duties - Five Pillars of Sunni Islam and the Ten Obligatory Acts of Shi’a Islam
Salah and its significance: how and why Muslims pray including times, directions, ablution (wudu), movements (rak’ahs) and recitations; salah in the home and mosque and elsewhere; Friday prayer: Jummah; key differences in the practice of salah in Sunni and Shi’a Islam, and different Muslim views about the importance of prayer.



Area of Study 3 - Section 3: Living the Muslim Life- Islam - Salah as one of the Five Pillars, including reference to Surah 15: 98–99 and 29: 45: the nature, history, significance and purpose of Salah for Sunni and Shi’a Muslims, including different ways of understanding them; how Salah is performed including ablution, times, directions, movements and recitations, in the home and mosque and Jummah prayer.



Component Group 1–Practices - Islam - Public acts of worship - Salah as direct communication with Allah - The importance of practices - The importance of the Ten Obligatory Acts to Shi’a Muslims • The meaning of the Ten Obligatory Acts: •• Salat Prayer •• Sawm: Fast •• Zakat/Zakah: similar to Sunni Islam, it applies to money •• Khums:an annual taxation of one-fifth of gains in a year •• Hajj: Pilgrimage •• Jihad: Struggle •• Amr-bil-Maroof: commanding what is good •• Nahi Anil: Munkar forbid what is evil •• Tawalla: expressing love towards good •• Tabarra:expressing disassociation from evil •Different interpretations and emphases given to sources of wisdom and authority by different Muslim groups



2.1 Unit 1 PART A - Part A Islam - Core beliefs, teachings and practices - Practices - The Five Pillars of Sunni Islam -Prayer/ Salat  Adhan call to prayer, praying at mosque and Friday Jummah prayer (Qur'an 15:9899, 29:45)  Praying at home, private prayer (Du'ah)  The preparations and intention for prayer: wudu and niyyah  The significance and symbolism of the different prayer positions that make a rakat (sequence of prayer) Obligatory Acts  Shahadah: the Muslim profession of faith in Allah and the prophet Muhammad; occasions when the Shahadah is recited, e.g. aqiqah ceremony, conversion to Islam  Zakat: paying an alms (or charity) tax to benefit others, what zakat tax may be used for, and additional charity (saddaqah)  Sawm: Fasting during the month of Ramadan. How and why Muslims fast during Ramadan and rules about halal and haram diet (Qur'an 2:183)



Component 3 (Route A): Study of a World Faith: Option 3: Islam:Practices: The Five Pillars of Sunni Islam: practices in Britain and elsewhere:Salah: the practices of prayer in Islam in the mosque and at home, including Jummah prayer: Qur'an 15:98-99, Qur'an 29:45

Muslim Prayer

S1           Muslims have five duties in life. They are called the Five Pillars of Islam. The second pillar is Salah, the duty to pray five times a day. Muslims say these prayers in Arabic and go through a series of movements called Rak'ah. The number of rak'ahs will depend on which prayer is being performed. Before Muslims pray, they must remove their shoes and perform a special wash called wudhu. Then they must make sure that their body is fully covered. Women should wear a headscarf. Finally, they need to find a clean space in which to pray. A prayer mat will do and must face in the right direction, the direction of the Kaaba in Makkah. This is called the qibla. Now let's see how the prayers are performed.

S1           (Prayer is said in Arabic)

S1           This series of movements is known as one rak'ah, and is repeated a number of times depending on the prayer. Then, the rest of the prayer is continued.

S1           (Prayer is said in Arabic)

S1           After the prayer is complete, it is common for Muslims to make Du'a to God, asking for forgiveness and blessings. The prayer is said in Arabic, but the Du'a be said in any language. And that's how Muslims perform their Salah.

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